By Daniel Coronado, Manuel Acosta, María del Mar Cerbán, María del Pilar López
This ebook experiences the industrial influence of box site visitors at probably the most vital ports within the Mediterranean: the Port of Algeciras Bay (PAB). The authors examine the worldwide framework of the containerisation enterprise and the features that presently situation this strategy. Following is a proof of the actual features of the PAB, and an outline of the placement as regards the actual and logistics infrastructure in relevant Mediterranean ports.
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The ports of Valencia, Barcelona and Genoa present very similar patterns in the mix of short or medium distance, and the long distance routes. The short or medium routes represent 37%, 34% and 35% respectively; the most important are Intramed and North Africa. In respect of the long distance lines, the following destinations are presented in the same order: Asia (17%, 25% and 25%), South America (17%, 13% and 10%) and North America (13%, 13% and 20%). The lines that connect with ports of Central and Southern Africa account for a very low percentage of the total, speciﬁcally 7%, 5% and 6%.
Evolution of the container trafﬁc in the PAB (’000 TEUs). 5 million TEUs. 7%. Expressed in tons, the growth appears even greater (Fig. 4%. 1 gives the indices of containerisation, expressing the volume of containerised merchandise handled, against non-containerised. 1. T. of merchandise (thousands) Containerised M. t. t. of general merchandise. t. t. of total merchandise. Source: Port Authority, Port of Algeciras Bay and authors’ own elaboration in the Port. In both cases the indices of containerisation have been increasing progressively.
Furthermore, cooperating to compete or keeping to non-destructive competition (or win-win strategies) are the terms recently coined for confronting an environment of profound and rapid change. Finally, other characteristics of the globalising trend in maritime transport are demonstrated in aspects such as the proliferation of information technologies, the need for international regulation due to the complexity of intermodal transport, and security (Roe, 2003). In relation to security, it should be noted that there currently exist a series of standards to follow, some developed by countries unilaterally, as in the case of United States, but that have affected all the merchandise that arrives in or leaves this country, and other emanating from international bodies, as is the case of the new International Code for the Protection of Vessels and of Port Installations or the ISPS (International Ship and Port Facility Security Code) drawn up by the International Maritime Organisation.