Economic Growth in the Regions of Europe: Theory and by Sascha Sardadvar

By Sascha Sardadvar

Although curiosity in spatial development regressions has been growing to be in recent times, formal theoretical techniques that recognize the position of house in financial progress were sparse. particularly in a local context, the idea of self sustaining, non-interacting closed economies can result in misinterpretations. This publication fills the void through discussing neoclassical development conception in a spatial context, so one can learn progress either theoretically and empirically in a method of N nearby economies. a proper version is gifted that permits for interregional fastened capital relocations, that are in flip made up our minds by means of the economies’ relative destinations in house. it's proven how preliminary endowments with human capital play a decisive function in regards to the evolution of output, and the way either convergence and divergence techniques may perhaps take place. utilizing a spatial econometric version specification, the theoretical version is demonstrated empirically for 255 eu regions.

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Extra resources for Economic Growth in the Regions of Europe: Theory and Empirical Evidence from a Spatial Growth Model

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This non-rivalry of knowledge is further developed by Lucas (1988), who assumes that human capital releases spillovers whereby each producer in an economy benefits from the average level of human capital in the economy. Endogenous growth theory has spawned further noteworthy approaches, such as those by P. M. Romer (1990), Grossman and Helpman (1991), and Aghion and Howitt (1992), whose models focus mainly on the interdependence and feedback effects of various producers and sectors of the economy.

13 Once the intersection point is reached, the economy stays there. 14 13 In analogy to Sect. 2, the possibility of initial values of either type of capital equalling zero is ignored. 14 A formal proof of the stability of the Mankiw-Romer-Weil model can be found in Gandolfo (1997). 4 Human Capital as an Additional Factor of Production hˆ 21 kˆ = 0 h=0 kˆ Fig. 4 The dynamic stability of the Mankiw-Romer-Weil model While the similarity of the Mankiw-Romer-Weil model’s qualitative conclusions to those of the Solow model follows from the model’s structure, the introduction of human capital has a considerable impact on quantitative analysis.

Arguably, the plausibility of a huge and ever-growing physical capital stock that continues to create itself via perpetual reaction-coupling effects is primarily a matter of taste; nevertheless this assumption implies that the entirety of N economies will grow infinitely faster as more physical capital is accumulated. Interestingly, this result reverses the classical view of the capital-output ratio; whether it is more realistic remains open to interpretation. Furthermore, we find that the mere existence of foreign physical capital stocks raises marginal products of labour and physical capital, thus increasing the equilibrium levels of wages and rates of return.

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