By Angela Pulley Hudson
In Creek Paths and Federal Roads, Angela Pulley Hudson bargains a brand new realizing of the improvement of the yank South through reading go back and forth inside and among southeastern Indian international locations and the southern states, from the founding of the U.S. till the pressured elimination of southeastern Indians within the 1830s. throughout the early nationwide interval, Hudson explains, settlers and slaves made their means alongside Indian buying and selling paths and federal submit roads, deep into the center of the Creek Indians' global. Hudson focuses relatively at the production and mapping of limitations among Creek Indian lands and the states that grew up round them; the advance of roads, canals, and different inner advancements inside those territories; and the ways in which Indians, settlers, and slaves understood, contested, and collaborated on those obstacles and transit networks. whereas she chronicles the studies of those travelers--Native, newcomer, unfastened, and enslaved--who encountered each other at the roads of Creek kingdom, Hudson additionally areas indigenous views squarely on the heart of southern historical past, laying off new mild at the contingent emergence of the yankee South.
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Additional info for Creek Paths and Federal Roads: Indians, Settlers, and Slaves and the Making of the American South
Besides squatting on Indian lands, backwoods banditti were also notorious for engaging in the black-market sale of property stolen from border settlements, thefts for which the Creeks were often blamed whether or not they were actually involved. Such alleged crimes often provided the rationale for compensatory demands of land by state ofﬁcials, even when the identity of the thieves was dubious. There was an explicit connection between theft, debt, and Indian land cessions. Whether debts were incurred as a result of trade and credit practices or alleged thefts of property— the repayment plan was always the same and the currency of choice was land.
For Creek leaders, defending the boundaries of their nation included preventing undesirables from settling nearby. Besides squatting on Indian lands, backwoods banditti were also notorious for engaging in the black-market sale of property stolen from border settlements, thefts for which the Creeks were often blamed whether or not they were actually involved. Such alleged crimes often provided the rationale for compensatory demands of land by state ofﬁcials, even when the identity of the thieves was dubious.
The pull of the Indian trade and the peace it required to be successful was simply not as compelling as the drive to seek retribution for such boundary trespasses. Individual acts of vengeance conﬂicted with a consolidation of Creek leadership under ﬁgures like McGillivray who increasingly articulated a Creek national identity. Furthermore, by the middle of the decade, the nascent American nation had begun to debate its own proper structure and organization. During the colonial period, many of the colonies conducted relations with neighboring Indian nations largely independent of one another.