By L. Haagh
This ebook reexamines classical concerns within the dating among detached kinds of democratization, civil, political and social--in Chile's transition to democracy throughout the 1990's. It highlights the lasting institutional limits tosocial democratization in nations which are democratizing within the context ofradical marketplace reforms and gives an account of the politics of restricting social deepening within the an important early years of Chile's transition, together with a close exam of the impression of neighborhood union historical past and hard work family members.
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Extra info for Citizenship, Labour Markets and Democratization: Chile and the Modern Sequence (St. Antony's)
In the case of Chile, key factors made the democratizing role of unions directly relevant to the development of human resources. 10 In other instances, employer organizations played a democratizing role. This, however, would typically depend on the existence of a history of associational behaviour, as in the exceptional case of the metallurgical association in Chile, ASIMET. In respect to the second question, we tend to find that attitudes to mobility are closely related to the perception of opportunities in labour markets.
There is also the standard moral hazard argument that providing workers with too much security will dampen their incentive to work hard and/or, if unemployed, to seek work. Interestingly, the neo-classical position is not usually associated with the argument that too great a sense of job security might also dampen efforts to find better jobs and progress within markets. This, we assume, is because of the primary focus on the freedom of managers to act in the literature. However, the existence of incentives for employees to change jobs could also be seen as a key feature of a vibrant labour market.
Not one, but several factors independently shape the form that social citizenship takes. Analyzing the interplay between key aspects of economic governance allows us to identify the national framework of occupational citizenship and to assess the Chilean case in a comparative light. 1 With the rise of the modern state, a double process occurred, whereby citizenship in this limited sense came to embody the formal equalization of subjects in various aspects of civil law, while other forms of citizenship became detached.