By Rubén Lo Vuolo
Social security platforms in Latin the United States constructed in a fragmented demeanour, supplying various entry to merits and gain degrees to inhabitants teams. within the context of common casual and precarious paintings, social coverage associations might in simple terms offer constrained insurance. during this context, development towards a Citizen's source of revenue coverage in Latin the US relies on the potential for reappraising its value for an built-in institutional procedure which promotes the empowerment and fiscal independence of individuals. A Citizen's source of revenue coverage is not just a money move to relieve poverty or a simple source of revenue for nutrients. it's a easy correct to enhance democracy and inspire a extra independent improvement of individuals residing in profoundly unequal societies.
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Extra resources for Citizen’s Income and Welfare Regimes in Latin America: From Cash Transfers to Rights (Exploring the Basic Income Guarantee)
See Esping-Andersen, 1990, 1999 for the most renowned typologies of the European welfare states. 21. See, for instance, Hicks, 1991; Ferrera, 1996; and Théret, 1997. 22. See the chapters by Fabio Waltenberg and Lena Lavinas in this volume. 23. See Alice Krozer and Rubén Lo Vuolo’s chapter in this volume. 24. Refer to the chapter by Jennifer Pribble in this volume. 25. Among numerous texts about the contents, advantages and disadvantages of the CI proposal, refer for instance to Van Parijs, 1992, 1995; Van Parijs an Vanderborght, 2006; Raventós, 2001, 2007; Van der Veen and Groot, 2000; and Lo Vuolo, 1995.
OIT. Asignaciones familiares en Uruguay. Evaluación y propuestas de reforma . Santiago de Chile: Oficina Internacional del Trabajo, 2008. Parker, Hermione. Instead of the Dole. An Enquiry into Integration of the Tax and Benefit Systems. London, UK: Routledge, 1989. Petit, Philippe. ” Basic Income Studies 2, no. 2 (2007). Raventós, Daniel, ed. La renta básica. Por una ciudadanía más libre, más igualitaria y más fraterna. Barcelona, España: Ariel Ciencia Política, 2001. ———. Las condiciones materiales de la libertad.
Special focus is given to the issue of conditionalities as expression of these different conceptions, as well as to the political processes linked to the programs. The chapter also discuss why, even when the Universal Citizen Pension has gained legitimacy in the country, it is far from building a sufficiently solid support in favor of CI. Camila Arza analyzes other noncontributive pension schemes. Recent developments in Latin America point to a redirection of pension policy in some countries, which have expanded pension coverage through non or semi-contributory pension schemes.