By Hong Xiao
Hong Xiao examines the linkage among social constitution and child-rearing values within the usa and China. Her basic pursuits are to check the underlying constitution of childrearing values, detect the dynamics of the structural-level, family-level, and individual-level determinants of childrearing values, and to match styles of price orientations within the countries.
Three worth dimensions--autonomy, conformity, and a care orientation--are pointed out in either the USA and China samples through issue analyses. in addition, regardless of cross-national transformations in political procedure, monetary improvement, and tradition heritage, Professor Xiao unearths american citizens and chinese language are really related of their taking into account the types of items to coach young children at domestic. one of the most sensible six features counseled inside each one kingdom, 5 are exact. in spite of the fact that, assets of worth adaptations are enormously various within the nations. for instance, within the usa, whereas the impression of sophistication on men's values for kids has turn into muted extra time, classification transformations in values survive between girls. And neither gender nor motherhood is said to the care orientation. In China, valuation of kid's autonomy or conformity is conditioned seriously by means of political conformity, age, and family members measurement. Of specific curiosity to students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with gender and kinfolk experiences, sociology, and Asian Studies.
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Hong Xiao examines the linkage among social constitution and child-rearing values within the usa and China. Her fundamental ambitions are to ascertain the underlying constitution of childrearing values, detect the dynamics of the structural-level, family-level, and individual-level determinants of childrearing values, and to match styles of price orientations within the nations.
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Additional info for Childrearing Values in the United States and China: A Comparison of Belief Systems and Social Structure
They argue that, accompanied by demographic, social, and cultural changes that occurred during the past decades, American families and the relationships between parents and their children have undergone substantial changes. In contemporary American families, there is a movement from a traditional patriarchal structure toward a more democratic and less authoritarian one (Cherlin 1999; Margolis 1998). Using survey data from the Detroit metropolitan 16 Childrearing Values in the United States and China area obtained in 1958, 1971, and 1983, Alwin (1984) reports consistent increases over this time period in the valuation of autonomy for children and a decrease in valuation of obedience to authority.
In cross-cultural studies, American culture is often considered an individualism-oriented culture, in contrast with Chinese culture, which emphasizes collectivism. Several scholars have elaborated the contrasting characteristics of individualism and collectivism. According to Hofstede (1980), individualism is a preference for a loosely knit social framework in which individuals are supposed to take care of themselves and their immediate families only. Collectivism is a preference for a tightly knit social framework in which individuals can expect their relatives, clan, or other in-group members to look after them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty.
Despite the limitations, the 11 value items provide a rare opportunity to examine childrearing values in the 1990s, when great changes took place in both the American and Chinese families. Furthermore, the inclusion of value items such as unselfishness and tolerance has also made it possible to test the existence of an emphasis on care in value orientations and the proposed gender difference in this value dimension. Last, since the purpose of the present study is to extend, but not to replicate, previous research, these differences are not serious limitations.