Changing Contexts, Shifting Meanings: Transformations of by Professor Elfriede Hermann

By Professor Elfriede Hermann

This e-book sheds new mild on strategies of cultural transformation at paintings in Oceania and analyzes them as items of interrelationships among culturally created meanings and particular contexts. In a sequence of inspiring essays, famous students of the area learn those interrelationships for perception into how cultural traditions are formed on an ongoing basis.

The assortment marks a turning aspect within the debate at the conceptualization of culture. Following a critique of the way culture has been seen when it comes to dichotomies like authenticity vs. inauthenticity, individuals stake out a singular point of view within which culture figures as context-bound articulation. This makes it attainable to view cultural traditions as due to interactions among people―their principles, activities, and objects―and the ambient contexts. Such interactions are analyzed from the previous right down to the Oceanian present―with indigenous business enterprise being highlighted. The paintings focuses first on early encounters, at first among Pacific Islanders themselves and later with the eu navigators of the past due eighteenth and early 19th centuries, to elucidate how significant activities and contexts interrelated some time past. The present-day stories of Pacific Islanders are tested to invite how such thoughts symbolize encounters that happened in the past and the way they motivated the social, political, monetary, and spiritual adjustments that ensued. subsequent, participants deal with ongoing social and structural interactions that social actors enlist to form their traditions in the context of globalization after which the repercussions that those intersections and intercultural exchanges of discourses and practices are having on energetic id formation as practiced by way of Pacific Islanders. ultimately, gurus on Oceania―who themselves circulate within the intersecting house among anthropology and history―discuss the essays and upload their very own precious reflections.

With its wealth of illuminating analyses and illustrations, Changing Contexts, moving Meanings will attract scholars and students within the fields of cultural and social anthropology, heritage, paintings historical past, museology, Pacific reports, gender reports, cultural reviews, and literary criticism.

Contributors: Aletta Biersack, Françoise Douaire-Marsaudon, Bronwen Douglas, David Hanlon, Brigitta Hauser-Schäublin, Peter Hempenstall, Margaret Jolly, Miriam Kahn, Martha Kaplan, John D. Kelly, Wolfgang Kempf, Gundolf Krüger, Jacquelyn Lewis-Harris, Lamont Lindstrom, Karen Nero, Ton Otto, Anne Salmond, Serge Tcherkézoff, Paul van der Grijp, Toon van Meijl.

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L. Schlözer in 1771 and almost simultaneously his colleague J. Chr. Gatterer coined the terms Ethnographie (ethnography) and Völkerkunde; the Slovakian historian Adam Frantisek Kollár, then librarian at the court in Vienna, finally introduced the term ethnologica in 1783 (Vermeulen 2008); these terms as names for an awakening discipline subsequently spread around the world. The Göttingen circle had excellent international connections with other scholars. The political situation favored such contacts: Since 1714, Hanoverians (descendants of the noble house of Hanover) had ascended to the British throne.

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