Bio-Technology Audit in Hungary: Guidelines, Implementation, by Ulrike Bross

By Ulrike Bross

Sustained fiscal progress in crucial and jap eu international locations relies between others on a thorough technological restructuring. The tool of expertise audit helps coverage makers in designing acceptable ideas for shaping technology and know-how rules during this procedure. The booklet develops in its conceptual half a technique for the research of strengths and weaknesses of R&D structures and destiny components of competitiveness which are transferred additionally to different nations during times of excessive technological improvement. those guidance are in keeping with foreign top perform of evaluate study and functional studies within the transition context. The empirical a part of the publication provides the findings of a know-how audit within the box of biotechnology in Hungary. in line with a world comparability of good fortune elements in biotechnology, promising components for Hunagrian technology and are pointed out. The e-book offers instructions for researchers and coverage makers and provides an intensive survey of the present nation of biotechnology in Hungary.

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With different aggregation levels the possible perspectives on 36 the individual agents of the system of innovation vary. The analysis of the enterprise sector is often based on empirical fieldwork. Krastenova (1996). Among others, studies focus on specific questions such as investment-relevant issues, especially the role of FDI (Borsos 1994). g. Dolgopiatova 1996). g. Paskaleva (1994). Several studies analyse selected industries, Auvinen (1994) carried out an analysis on the Russian software and hardware industry, Shaw (1996) on the Russian aerospace industry.

1) Audit objectives: target group of audit results (2) Subjects of investigation and their aggregation level (3) Selection of auditors (4) Data collection (5) Data analysis (6) Generation of results and recommendations (7) Dissemination and implementation of audit results. The focus of the analysis will not only be on individual elements of audit methodology but also on the organisation and process requirements. 1-1 : Process of Technology Audit Dala Collection - indicators -sources Da1a Analysis ·methods ·point of reraeoce for evaluation -timeborizon Q Generarion of Audit resull~.

G. Carlberg 1994, Glismann/Hom/Stanovnik 1995, Hauer et al. Priewe 1994, Indruch 1994, Klodt/Paque 1993, Konig/Steiner 1994, Siebert 1993), but also makes use of political science and sociology (Pradetto 1994, Schimank 1995), especially theories on transformation of systems (Fleissner 1994, Gehrig/Welfe 1993, Szanto 1995). g. by Bentley (1992) for the former GDR and by Schneider (1994) for the Soviet Union. As a rare exception Hernisniemi/Hyvarinen (1995) investigate technological potentials of the Baltic states with reference to innovation theory.

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