Australia's History: Themes and Debates by Martin Lyons

By Martin Lyons

Australia's background: issues and Debates provides an up to date account of matters and debates in Australian historical past. Written for college kids and readers who is probably not conversant in Australian heritage, this brief quantity bargains a compelling advent to the present nation of information and problems with problem to Australian historians at the present time.

A group of top members take on significant topics regarding Aboriginal heritage, Australian nationwide id, immigration, urbanization, and Australia's old relationships with Asia. they give a synthesis of current paintings and their very own unique learn that demanding situations winning myths. the result's a succinct appraisal of the intriguing and topical matters that tell Australian history-writing now.

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It estimated that between one and three out of every ten children were removed. Drawing on hundreds of hours of mainly Aboriginal testi- Australia'sHistoryfinal1 2/5/05 12:41 PM Page 17 T H E B ATT L E F I E L D S O F A B O R I G I N A L H I S TO R Y 17 mony, Bringing Them Home described the children’s dismal experiences in institutions, foster homes and adoptive families, and in forced employment in the community. It also documented the enduring legacy of these experiences. The report concluded that the removals constituted cultural genocide under United Nations’ conventions, and were in breach of international law.

The violence of the frontier existed alongside a lurking fear within colonial society of a genetic taint, certainly – but the most worrying genetic taint was not racial. It was the penal origins of colonial society that produced the greatest alarm, and the problems of assimilation, integration and exclusion, though often conceived within a ‘racialised lexicon’, spoke most strongly and most persistently to the relationship between English origins and national self-determination.

6 Marcia Langton, ‘Introduction: culture wars’, in Michele Grossman (ed), Blacklines, Melbourne, 2003, p 91. 7 Ian Anderson, ‘Black bit, white bit’, in Grossman, Blacklines, p 46. 8 Langton, ‘Introduction’, p 81. 9 Anna Haebich, Broken Circles: fragmenting Indigenous families 1800-2000, Fremantle, 2000, p 466. 10 Anderson, ‘Black bit, white bit’, p 50. 11 AP Elkin, ‘Reaction and interaction: a food gathering people and European settlement in Australia’, American Anthropologist, 53:2, 1951, pp 164-86; Ronald M Berndt and Catherine H Berndt, From Black to White in South Australia, Melbourne, 1951.

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