By Philomena Murray
It is a e-book approximately clash: clash among a rustic with limits to its overseas influence—Australia—and a brand new overseas actor with huge, immense presence at the international stage—the ecu Union.
Australians usually understand the ecu as a monolithic, damaging and obstructionist bloc, unleashing laws and protectionism upon the area. but Australia's engagement with the ecu is definitely prior to Australian public opinion approximately Europe. those adjustments spring not just from adjustments in Australia, yet from Europe's increasing function in alternate and politics.
In this energetic exam of Australia's dating with the more and more strong european, Professor Philomena Murray offers a clean and complete viewpoint on politics and exchange, previous defense and new safeguard. She seriously assesses how engagement among the european and Australia has constructed over the last few decades—from slim issues with agricultural alternate to the more moderen demanding situations of terrorism. Murray argues that the realisation of the connection will impact Australia's function either during this zone and the realm.
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Extra info for Australia and the European Superpower: Engaging with the European Union (Academic Monographs)
Even though Australia has important linkages and concerns in Asia and the US, it is with the EU that Australia has more trade—in goods and services—and more investment than with any other sole entity. 2 billion. 9 billion in 2002. 3 billion in 2002. 4 billion at end June 2002, making the EU our largest source of foreign investment. In addition, the EU is the second-largest foreign destination for Australian investors, with investment totalling A$127 billion at the end of June 2002. There are signs that, despite considerable criticism of the EU, its economic importance for Australia is gradually being recognised by John Howard, who has 34 Australia and the European Superpower stated that ‘the European Union is a major economic player in the world and remains vital to our interests’ (Howard, 2001).
This took place at the time of the new Australian focus on Asia and disillusionment with the EC, with decreased market access. The UK accession had raised fears of the possibility of losing market access and loss of imperial preference and there were enduring fears of the negative impact of the CAP (Gelber, 1966; Miller, 1976). UK accession therefore led to a gradual reorientation of trade and foreign policy and a questioning of Australia’s international role. The end of Commonwealth preferences also signalled the end of the privileged relationship.
Another commented: ‘Australia took British entry as a “snub” and in the last forty years the relationship between Australia and the UK has been [one] of “tough neglect”’. One respondent saw the UK as ‘turning away from Australia’, while another said ‘We’ve taken our relationship with the UK too much for granted and let that dominate our relationship with Europe’. A UK-based Australian analyst, Angela Ward, has expressed her frustration at what she sees as a mystery of post-1990s Australia foreign policy, namely ‘the exclusivity with which engagement with Asia was pursued, or at least in the absence of a supplementary policy concerning Western Europe’ (A.