Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Mitochondria by David C. Logan

By David C. Logan

Mitochondria are serious organelles within the metabolic rules of just about all eukaryotic organisms. wisdom in their biochemistry and molecular biology in vegetation has been fuelled over fresh years via the speedy growth made in genome sequencing and the power to control gene expression.

Plant Mitochondria includes chapters written through some of the world’s major researchers during this sector, bringing jointly and reviewing for the 1st time many fresh advances. Contents contain assurance of mitochondrial dynamics, mitochondrial genome instability, expression of the plant mitochondrial genome, import of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins, mitochondrial breathing complicated biogenesis, supramolecular constitution of the OXPHOS procedure, mitochondrial electron delivery and oxidative rigidity, mitochondrial metabolism, cytoplasmic male sterilities and mitochondrial gene mutations, and the mitochondrion in plant programmed mobilephone dying.

Plant Mitochondria is a really vital and well timed addition to Blackwell Publishing’s Annual Plant experiences sequence. David Logan, renowned and revered across the world for his paintings during this region, has introduced jointly a really precious quantity of serious use and curiosity to plant scientists, mobile and molecular biologists, and biochemists. Libraries in all universities and study institutions the place organic sciences are studied and taught must have copies of this significant ebook on their cabinets.

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The roles played by Fzo1p, Mgm1p and Ugo1p in the fusion of mitochondria remain unclear; however, study of their structure and localisation provides clues to their function. It is believed that Fzo1p, Mgm1p and Ugo1p form a complex to effect mitochondrial fusion, with Ugo1p playing a particularly important role in mediating interactions between Fzo1p and Mgm1p (Sesaki and Jensen, 2004; Okamoto and Shaw, 2005). Ugo1p acts as a bridge, binding both Fzo1p and Mgm1p, using its cytosolic and intermembrane-space domains, respectively.

In flies defective for the fuzzy onions (fzo) gene, the formation of the Nebenkern is incomplete due to a lack of mitochondrial fusion, leading to a mass of unfused mitochondria. The blurred, spherical appearance of the Nebenkern in the mutants was likened to a fuzzy onion (Hales and Fuller, 1997). Analyses of yeast FZO1 deletion mutants confirmed the role of this protein in mitochondrial fusion. , 1998). , 1998). In a defining study, Sesaki and Jensen (1999) demonstrated that Dnm1p and Fzo1p acted in opposing pathways to maintain yeast chondriome structure.

2003) The Arabidopsis dynamin-like proteins ADL1C and ADL1E play a critical role in mitochondrial morphogenesis. Plant Cell 15, 2357–2369. Jones BA and Fangman WL (1992) Mitochondrial DNA maintenance in yeast requires a protein containing a region related to the GTP-binding domain of dynamin. Genes Dev 6, 380–389. Johnson LV, Walsh ML and Chen LB (1980) Localization of mitochondria in living cells with rhodamine 123. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77, 990–994. Karbowski M, Lee YJ, Gaume B, et al. (2002) Spatial and temporal association of Bax with mitochondrial fission sites, Drp1, and Mfn2 during apoptosis.

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