By David S. Cecelski
David Cecelski chronicles the most sustained and winning protests of the civil rights movement—the 1968-69 college boycott in Hyde County, North Carolina. for a whole yr, the county's black electorate refused to ship their youngsters to college in protest of a desegregation plan that required last traditionally black faculties of their distant coastal group. mom and dad and scholars held nonviolent protests day-by-day for 5 months, marched two times at the country capitol in Raleigh, and drove the Ku Klux Klan out of the county in an enormous gunfight.The threatened last of Hyde County's black colleges collided with a wealthy and colourful academic background that had helped to maintain the black group seeing that Reconstruction. As different southern college forums sometimes closed black faculties and displaced their academic leaders, Hyde County blacks started to worry that college desegregation used to be undermining—rather than enhancing—this legacy. This ebook, then, is the tale of 1 county's remarkable fight for civil rights, yet while it explores the struggle for civil rights in all of jap North Carolina and the dismantling of black schooling through the South.
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Extra resources for Along freedom road: Hyde County, North Carolina and the fate of Black schools in the South
They could not afford to underestimate the forces challenging their authority, for in their eves biracial education posed a threat both to their power over the school system and to white rule in the county. As in many) other school districts in North Carolina, white school leaders in Hyde County sought to defuse and lower black expectations for racial integration by dramatically improving the black schools. Between 195 5 and 1965, Hyde and other local school boards acted as if the Supreme Court had recently ruled on Plessy v.
Racial segregation stretched from the church to the graveyard, the schools to downtown businesses, social occasions to sports events. 11 The Engelhard theater seated white patrons downstairs, blacks upstairs. The local drugstore did not allow black shoppers to sit at its lunch counter, Page 23 and the few county motels simply did not serve black travelers. Housing was no less segregated. Black citizens did not live in downtown Swan Quarter, but in Job's Corner or farther out in the country. White authorities did not even allow black guides or hunters on the Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge.
S. Department of Justice important new penalties to impose against school districts that did not move toward desegregation. 3 The act was a tremendous relief for the federal courts. They had been overwhelmed by the responsibility of enforcing Brown with little assistance and only vague guidelines from the White House. Consequently, school desegregation gained new momentum with passage of the Civil Rights Act. The Hyde County Board of Education was first obligated to show compliance with Brown when enforcement of Title VI began in the Page 33 summer of 1965.