By Noenoe K. Silva
Read Online or Download Aloha Betrayed: Native Hawaiian Resistance to American Colonialism (American Encounters/Global Interactions) PDF
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Extra info for Aloha Betrayed: Native Hawaiian Resistance to American Colonialism (American Encounters/Global Interactions)
Land tenure was the central feature of this system of political and social relationships based on obligations as well as bonds of a√ection. When a new island or district ruler, an ali¿i ¿ai moku, came into o≈ce, he or she would appoint konohiki, who were also ali¿i, as administrators over the large district areas called kalana and ahupua¿a. The konohiki would, in turn, appoint lesser konohiki over the smaller areas within each district. The maka¿¯ainana farmed and ﬁshed within their district, and also gathered ﬁrewood and anything else they needed from anywhere within their kalana or ahupua¿a.
P. ∞∞Ω the legacy of kauikeaouli From his childhood as the young m¯o¿¯ı Kamehameha III until his death in 1854, Kauikeaouli led Hawai¿i through the multiple challenges to his nation’s sovereignty and to his people’s dignity. With his council of ali¿i nui, which included women, along with his haole advisers, he transformed Hawai¿i into a nation-state recognized by the would-be colonizing nations, and in doing so he preserved his nation’s independence. The Kingdom of Hawai¿i adopted what it needed from the European and American systems, while preserving as much as possible its own traditions.
Early Struggles with the Foreigners 25 Kanaka authors in the nineteenth century o√er varying analyses of the reasons for the mass deaths. In 1839, Davida Malo wrote the ﬁrst Hawaiian-language account, which was translated into English by the missionary Lorrin Andrews and published in the missionary magazine intended for an American audience, the Hawaiian Spectator. ’’≥≥ Throughout the article, Malo castigates the ali¿i for not taking proper care of the people, accusing them of exploiting the people for their own enrichment, and caring only for their own pleasures.