By Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie
AIDS epidemics proceed to threaten the livelihoods of thousands of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. 3 many years after the illness was once first famous, the yearly loss of life toll from AIDS exceeds that from wars, famine and floods mixed. but regardless of hundreds of thousands of greenbacks of reduction and study, there has formerly been little exact on-the-ground research of the multifaceted affects on rural humans. Filling that hole, this ebook brings jointly fresh facts of AIDS affects on rural families, livelihoods, and agricultural perform in sub-Saharan Africa. there's specific emphasis at the function of ladies in affected families, and at the scenario of kids. The ebook is exclusive in offering micro-level info accrued by way of unique empirical learn in quite a number African nations, and displaying how well-grounded conclusions on tendencies, affects and native responses will be utilized to the layout of HIV-responsive rules and programmes. AIDS affects are extra assorted than we formerly inspiration, and native responses extra diverse - occasionally leading edge, occasionally determined. The publication represents an enormous contribution to our knowing of the affects of AIDS within the epidemic's heartland, and the way those may be controlled at assorted degrees.
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Extra resources for AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa
Almost all of the households that dissolved were HIV-positive households. Many households were affected by the loss of adult members, and in households that lost their head of household, the loss of that head brought on a noticeable decline in land cultivation in the years following the death. The story at the beginning of this chapter, illustrates this mixed picture. The family of the three sisters, Rose, Regina and Teddy, was undoubtedly severely affected by HIV; two children lost their mother, father and aunt in a short space of time.
2005; Baffes, 2006), but a downturn in the global market price also influenced growers to reduce the amount of coffee. As noted above, many people have turned to maize and beans as staple crops. , 2009), the entire maize crop, which should have been harvested two months ago, stands dried and devoid of cobs, because of a prolonged dry spell (lasting from June to October, reminiscent of the drought of 1992). Sserunkuuma (2005) attributes poor annual yields of maize in Uganda to poor management practices, because even where people have adopted improved varieties they have not been able to afford the inputs those varieties require.
The death of the household head had a measurable impact on cultivation in many households. 5 Of these, 25 occurred in the early sample (1990), and seven in the late (2001). 4 shows 5 This excludes heads of ten households that had dissolved. We do not know what happened to cultivation in these households but we know the land was sold or other people inherited the land before the death or soon (1–2 years) after the household head died. 4 The Impact of the death of the household head on cultivation the impact on cultivation of the death of the household head for three groups: first, the 25 households from the early sample whose heads died prior to 2000 (n=14) and those where heads died after 2000 (n=11); the 7 households from the late sub-sample whose heads died from 2000 to the end of data collection in 2006.