By United Nations
The ambitions of the examine are to map and examine current exchange agreements within the sector and their product insurance, relatively agricultural items, in addition to linked tariff and non-tariff limitations and to derive implications and proposals and instructions for alternate coverage negotiations. It includes either quantitative and qualitative analyses of liberalization efforts within the region of agricultural alternate, which came about in parallel to negotiations on agricultural exchange liberalization within the context of Doha improvement schedule. It presents an up to date, trustworthy account of preferential exchange in Asia with recognize to agriculture. The learn additionally incorporates a evaluation of agricultural reform in China.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional Liberalization in Asia - A Study by the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade
This decline of agricultural importance has resulted in greater inequality and poverty, since a larger share of population lives in rural areas and is involved mainly in agricultural activities as a livelihood. This becomes even more evident when changes in the share of merchandise exports are considered. Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka depend more on a narrow base of manufactured exports, textile and clothes, and some other manufactured exports (figure I). 36 Table 2. 3 5 58 16 362 490 450 1 220 220 508 814 25 18 28 16 38 27 21 GDP per capita (US$) Agricultural share of GDP (%) Source: Note: World Bank (2004).
Nevertheless, the SAEs have also achieved a considerable growth in agriculture during the past few decades. Although the share of agriculture in national outputs has been declining, agriculture and agricultural trade still play a very important role in the SAEs (table 2). Agriculture contributes to about 26 per cent of the regional gross domestic product (GDP), (ranging from 21 per cent in Maldives to 41 per cent in Nepal). Rural populations on average account for more than two thirds of the regional population (64 per cent in Pakistan to 93 per cent in Bhutan).
It is mostly FTAs that venture beyond goods liberalization, except in investment where FAs feature, too. 20 C. Preferential trade and agriculture With regard to the coverage of goods liberalization, available empirical literature shows that most of the agreements focus on reducing or eliminating tariffs and other barriers to industrial goods or manufactures. In contrast, agricultural products tend to be included in the exemptions of the negative lists or excluded from the positive lists of tariff 20 For some comments on the content of provisions on these sectors, see Mikic (2007).