African Americans on the Great Plains: An Anthology by Bruce A. Glasrud

By Bruce A. Glasrud

Until eventually lately, histories of the yank West gave little facts of the presence—let by myself importance—of African americans within the unfolding of the western frontier. There could have been a point out of Estevan, slavery, or the Dred Scott determination, however the wealthy and sundry event of African american citizens at the nice Plains went principally unnoted. This ebook, the 1st of its variety, offers that severe lacking bankruptcy in American history. Originally released over the span of twenty-five years in nice Plains Quarterly, the essays gathered the following describe the half African americans performed within the frontier military and as homesteaders, group developers, and activists. The authors tackle race kin, discrimination, and violence. They inform of the fight for civil rights and opposed to Jim Crow, and so they study African American cultural progress and contributions in addition to fiscal and political features of black lifestyles at the nice Plains. From contributors comparable to “Pap” Singleton, period Bell Thompson, Aaron Douglas, and Alphonso Trent; to incidents at castle Hays, Brownsville, and Topeka; to defining moments in govt, schooling, and the arts—this assortment bargains the 1st entire assessment of the black event at the Plains.

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Trails: Toward a New Western History (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1991). 8. December 1867 monthly returns show Companies E and G, Thirty-eighth Infantry, and Companies F and I, Tenth Cavalry, to be present. Of the 435 enlisted men, 44 leiker 285 belonged to black regiments. Headquarters, Tenth Cavalry, Special Order No. 139, Fort Riley, Kansas, 26 November 1867, Letters Received (lr), Fort Hays (fh), National Archives Microllm Publication (namp), t-837, roll 5; and Post Returns, Fort Hays, December 1867, Adjutant General’s Oflce (ago), Record Group (rg) 94, namp, roll 3.

18 Although drunkenness and insubordination were common among all enlisted men, desertion appeared primarily to be a white phenomenon. The dearth of black western settlers, and black soldiers’ distinct appearance, made it diflcult for potential deserters to blend into nearby communities. One should not, however, discount the more idealistic explanation that blacks’ group identity and pride discouraged desertion. Despite its pitfalls, military service offered African American males opportunities for self-respect seldom matched in Reconstruction America.

45. Both the Leavenworth Times and Conservative, 4 May 1869, and Kansas Daily Tribune, May 8, 1869, claimed the blacks had a predetermined plan to burn the town. 46. 1st Lt. Mason Carter to Capt. J. W. Clous, Thirty-Eighth Infantry, May 3, 1869; and Carter to Capt. Sam Ovenshine, May 3, 1869, ls, fh, na, rg393, part 5. 47. Kansas Daily Commonwealth, May 6, 1869, reprinted in Junction City Weekly Union, May 8, 1869. 48. Kansas Daily Commonwealth, May 4, 1869; Leavenworth Daily Times and Conservative, May 4, 1869; Kansas Daily Tribune, May 8, 1869; and Monthly Register of the Sick and Wounded, May 1869, fh, namp, t-837, roll 3a.

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