African American Men and the Labor Market during the Great by Michelle Holder

By Michelle Holder

This ebook analyzes the prestige and place of African American males within the U.S. hard work industry ahead of, in the course of, and after the nice Recession. utilizing a version of occupational crowding, the publication outlines how the illustration of African American males in significant occupational different types virtually universally declined through the fresh recession whilst white non-Hispanic males have been in a position to preserve their occupational illustration within the face of superb task losses. utilizing US Census Bureau facts, this e-book illustrates how African American males sought to insulate their team from devastating activity losses by means of expanding their academic attainment in a role industry the place employers exercised extra leverage in hiring. even though, this process was once not able to guard this team from disparate task losses as African American males grew to become additional marginalized within the group through the nice Recession. Policy methods to handle excessive African American male unemployment are defined within the ultimate bankruptcy.

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1987. Unemployment and Racial Differences in Imprisonment. Review of Black Political Economy 16(1–2): 189–209. Neal, Derek, and Armin Rick. 2014. The Prison Boom and the Lack of Black Progress after Smith and Welch. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper #20283, Cambridge, MA. org/papers/ w20283 Pager, Devah. 2003. The Mark of a Criminal Record. American Journal of Sociology 108: 937–975. 22 M. Holder Schmitt, John. 2008. Unions and Upward Mobility for African-Americans. Center for Economic Policy Research, Washington, DC.

In calculating occupational crowding indices, the first ratio consists of the shares of either African American or white non-Hispanic men in occupation j out of the total number who are in that occupation. For the second ratio, in order to determine the ith educational credential level for an occupation, I calculated, following the methodology employed by Gibson et al. (1998) and Hamilton et al. (2011), the 25th and 90th percentiles of educational attainment for all sample respondents in occupation j.

111, No. , “Job Displacement, Disability and Divorce,” Journal of Labor Economics Vol. 22, No.  House, “Toward a Better Estimation of the Effect of Job Loss on Health,” Journal of Health and Social Behavior Vol. 48, No. 4 (December 2007): 369–384. 3. National Employment Law Project, “Hiring Discrimination Against the Unemployed: Federal Bill Outlaws Excluding the Unemployed from Job Opportunities, as Discriminatory Ads Persist,” Briefing Paper, New York, NY, July 12, 2011. 4. , “Crowded Out? The Racial Composition of American Occupations,” in Researching Black Communities: A Methodological Guide, ed.

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