Abduction, Reason and Science - Processes of Discovery and by L. Magnani

By L. Magnani

This e-book ties jointly the troubles of philosophers of technological know-how and AI researchers, displaying for instance the connections among medical considering and medical examiner platforms. It lays out an invaluable normal framework for dialogue of various varieties of abduction. It develops vital principles approximately facets of abductive reasoning which have been fairly overlooked in cognitive technology, together with using visible and temporal representations and the function of abduction within the withdrawal of hypotheses.

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Another case is shown by differentiation, that is the making of a new distinction that generates two kinds of things (heat and temperature were considered the same until the Black's intervention). Theoretical Abduction 41 The last three types of conceptual change can be illustrated by the following examples. The Newtonian abandon of the Aristotelian distinction between natural and unnatural motion exemplifies the collapse of part of the kind-hierarchy. Branch jumping occurred when the Copernican revolution involved the recategorization of the earth as a kind of planet, when previously it had been considered special, but also when Darwin reclassified humans as a kind of animal.

1), when he relates (and reduces) it to the activity of "interpretation" ("pattern of discovery") resorting to the well-known example of reversible perspective figures of Gestalt psychology. Unfortunately, this kind of analysis inhibits the possibility of gaining further knowledge about model-based reasoning. I think Hanson is inclined to consider the abductive event as instantaneous and not susceptible to further cognitive and epistemological examination. CONCEPTUAL CHANGES Figure 6. Model-based (theoretical) abduction.

The loss of information has to be as small as possible so that "no belief is given up unnecessarily" (Gardenfors, 1988). Hence, inconsistency resolution in belief revision framework is captured by the concept of revision. Another way of belief change is the process of contraction. When a belief set K is contracted by A, the resulting belief set K + A is such that A is no longer held, without adding any new fad 8 • IS SUCH THAT a IS NO LONGER HELD WITHOUT ADDING NEW FACTS + ,~ J*----f REGARDLESS OF WHETHER THE LARGER SET IS CONSISTENT BELIEF CHANGE BELIEF REVISION REVISION HAPPENS WHEN K 1= REVISION K~a.

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