A Molecular Approach to Primary Metabolism in Higher Plants by Christine Foyer

By Christine Foyer

Discusses and explains the most important advances that the recent expertise of utilizing molecular genetic ideas of enhancing carbon and nitrogen in vegetation has supplied, giving insights into its purposes for some great benefits of agriculture, the surroundings and guy. The textual content is split into 3 sections, the 1st concentrating on fundamental nitrogen and carbon assimilation and carbon partitioning; the second one compartmentation, delivery and entire plant interactions; and the 3rd to comparable metabolism to supply a complete and updated account of this subject.

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1993). , 1996). Despite the variations in response observed in different studies, preliminary results indicate that such manipulations may aid the genetic improvement of stress tolerance. Furthermore, they support the hypothesis that tolerance to oxidative stress is important in adaptation to field environments. , 1991). , 1993). Using SO2 or paraquat-induced visual damage to leaves or leaf discs as a screen for tolerance, Aono et al. (1991, 1993) showed enhanced tolerance in these plants. , 1991).

TANAKA, K. and KONDO, N. (1991) Resistance to active oxygen toxicity of transgenic Nicotiana tabacum that expresses the gene for glutathione reductase from Escherichia coli. Plant Cell Physiol. 32, 691–697. , TANAKA, K. and KONDO, N. (1993) Enhanced tolerance to photooxidative stress of transgenic Nicotiana tabacum with high chloroplastic glutathione reductase activity. Plant Cell Physiol. 34, 129– 135. AP REES, T. (1987) Compartmentation of plant metabolism. In: The Biochemistry of Plants, Vol.

One possibility for the lack of protection of PSII might reside in the nature of the SOD that was overexpressed. , 1994), where increased resistance to the inhibition of photosynthesis by paraquat was observed. tabacum cv. SR1 protected both the plasmalemma and PSII from paraquat-induced damage. This may suggest that Fe SOD gives better protection in chloroplasts than mitochondrial Mn SOD. , 1990). Transformed tobacco constitutively over-expressing a pea cytosolic Cu/Zn SOD gene in the cytosol were less sensitive to ozone than untransformed controls (Pitcher and Zilinskas, 1996).

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