A History of Medical Informatics in the United States, 1950 by Morris F. Collen

By Morris F. Collen

This article lines the ancient position informatics has performed within the wellbeing and fitness care within the latter 1/2 the twentieth century.

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In 1962 the Laboratory Instrumentation Computer (LINC) was demonstrated by Clark and Molnar at the Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), as a small, special-purpose computer that increased the individual researcher’s control over the computer [65]. Waxman, then the executive secretary of the Computer Science Advisory Committee of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), arranged for a grant to construct, evaluate, and distribute 12 LINCs in 1963 to various computing research laboratories in the United States.

The Digital Equipment Company (DEC), founded in 1957 by Olsen, who had worked with Molnar and Clark at MIT, took over commercial production of the LINC machines [131]. The LINC was the first of a number of smaller, low-cost minicomputers to appear in the 1960s. Bell designed the first DEC Programmed Data Processor (PDP)-8; released in 1965, it helped popularize the term minicomputer [223]. In 1978 DEC introduced its VAX series of minicomputers; with more flexible and modular architecture, it was faster than the PDPs.

Fung [109] defined computer graphics as image synthesis that takes a mathematical description of a scene and produces a two-dimensional array of numbers which serves as an image; this he differentiated from computer vision that is a form of image analysis that takes a two-dimensional image and converts it into a mathematical description. Graphics processing units, specialized microprocessors designed to rapidly process very large amounts of data, were increasingly used for highdefinition video and for three-dimensional graphics for games.

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