A Brief History of Australia (Brief History Of... (Checkmark by Barbara A. West

By Barbara A. West

Taking a principally chronological process, a short heritage of Australia seems to be at social, cultural, monetary, and political tendencies within the country's lengthy historical past, laying off gentle on its specified and complicated id. starting with the peopling of the continent approximately 60,000 years in the past, the quantity examines the early heritage and tradition of the Aboriginals. It keeps with the 1st documented sighting of the landmass through a ecu within the seventeenth century, through a dialogue of the colonial interval within the 18th and nineteenth centuries. From the Federation of 1901 to the Liberal executive of John Howard (1998 to 2007) and the hard work govt of John Rudd (2007 present), this new e-book explores Australia's courting to the British Crown, nationwide defense and schooling coverage, the function of recreation and environmental matters, Aboriginal rights, women's historical past, and homosexual rights.

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Another feature of Sahul during the LGM was the final extinction of a large group of animals referred to as megafauna, including 10-foot-tall kangaroos and diprotodontids, which looked most like contemporary rhinoceroses but were marsupials rather than placental mammals. The cause of this extinction remains a contentious issue today with some scientists, such as Tim Flannery (1994, 2004), claiming a direct link between this mass extinction and the Aboriginal population’s hunting or land-use schemes, and others favoring a direct link between climate change and extinction.

The use of fire is one land management strategy that may have been practiced prior to the LGM but nonetheless became very widespread after it, as seen at a large number of post-LGM archaeological sites. As do contemporary Aboriginal people, these ancient ancestors may have used fire to locate and isolate animals for easier hunting as well as to promote the growth of vegetation, which would also have attracted animals. In addition to the use of fire to control plant growth, there is evidence that both plants and small animals were 24 Aboriginal History carried from place to place to encourage their growth in new habitats.

For the Yolngu and other Aboriginal peoples in the region, this was a partnership of predictable seasonal interactions with people who recognized their status as owners of the land and who, importantly, departed with the northern monsoonal winds. Despite their lack of colonial intentions, the arrival of the Macassans resulted in significant changes to the indigenous societies of the continent’s north coast, particularly to the Yolngu of eastern Arnhem Land. The introduction of dugout canoes led to the shift of hunting from land to sea, where dugong and turtles flourished.

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